[1] E. Steinberg, November 9, 1994; Freedom inCyberspace Rally, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA.

[2] The title "CMU Handcuffing Cyberspace Sex"(Pittsburgh Post Gazette, Nov. 4, 1994) is a typical example of thesensationalized media coverage given to the issue.

[3] Andrew is the name of CMU's file system, which includesUsenet servers. Calling the local andrew newsgroups "bboards" may be a misnomer, but it is the local and popular name for andrew groups and so its use is not inappropriate in this discussion.

[4] L. Rose & J. Wallace, Syslaw, Second Edition,LOL Productions & PC Information Group, Winona MN, 1992.

[5]http://www.cs.cmu.edu:8001/afs/cs/user/kcf/www/censor/administration/MEMO.html; March, 1995.

[6]http://www.cs.cmu.edu:8001/afs/cs/user/kcf/www/censor/computing-services/action.html; March 1995.

[7] PA Crimes Code Title 18 [section]]5903

[10]A Petition for Return of the Newsgroups, http://www.cs.cmu.edu:8001/afs/cs/user/kcf/www/censor/misc/petition.html; March, 1995.

[11] Student Senate Resolution on Newsgroup Removal; http://www.cs.cmu.edu:8001/afs/cs/user/kcf/www/censor/student-senate/resolution.html; March , 1995.

[12]Faculty Senate Resolution; http://www.cs.cmu.edu:8001/afs/cs/user/kcf/www/censor/faculty-senate/resolution.html; March, 1995.

[13]Staff Council Resolution; http://www.cs.cmu.edu:8001/afs/cs/user/kcf/www/censor/staff-council/resolution.html; March, 1995.

[14]private dlist communication, D. Touretzky, Nov. 10 1994

[15].E. Steinberg, "Living on the Slippery Slope," Law in the Misinformation Age: The First Amendment, Privacy and Electronic Networks, Duke Law School, 1/26 - 1/28, Durham, NC, 1995.

[16]http://www.cs.cmu.edu:8001/afs/cs/user/kcf/www/censor/committee/minutes/9411-Nov-22-official.html; March, 1995.

[17]http://www.cs.cmu.edu:8001/afs/cs/user/kcf/www/censor/committee/minutes/9411-Nov-22-official.html; March, 1995.

[18] This means one does not have to know that an item is copyrighted to be guilty of an offense.

[19] A.S. Hammond, IV, speech to Bboard Committee, Carnegie Mellon, February, 1995.

[20]F. Schauer, speech at Carnegie Mellon, February 24, 1995.

[21]G. Allison, Essence of Decision ,New York: Harper Collins, 1971.

[22]ibid. Steinberg, 1995

[23]ibid. Steinberg, 1995

[24]ibid. Steinberg, 1995

[25] CMU undergraduate population is 69.4% male and 30.6% female. CMU undergraduate population is 3.8% black. 9.6% of the female students aremembers of an underrepresented minority and 6.2% of the male students aremembers of an underrepresented minority (i.e. Hispanic, Black, or NativeAmerican). Numbers as of September 1994 from the EEO/AA Programs Department.

[26] Scott Safier, Personal Communication, March, 1995.

[27]G. Allison, 1971.

[28]D. McCullagh, The Tartan, Nov. 15, 1993, p. 1.

[29]ibid., Steinberg, 1995